Published in: Journal Of Hellenic Religion, , Vol. 9, 1-23.


During the 7th BC, the Phocaeans founded Massalia. This paper argues that this endeavour was loaded with powerful religious and symbolic connotations. Through a new approach, which focuses on the religious aspect of this event, the author investigates who were Phocaeans’ accompanying gods; the reason for which these particular deities were chosen; these gods’ attributes and whether these attributes were interrelated; and, significantly, what was the cultic form of divine representation through which these gods travelled on the fifty-oared Phocaean vessels.

Keywords: Phocaea,Massalia,mythology,gods,goddesses,travelling gods

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